Author: Bimal Bandyopadhyay
Publisher: Sundeep Prakashan
ISBN/UPC (if available): 8175741503
Orissa has been the Cinderella of Indian archaeological exploration. For historical reasons the decision-makers deterred the spade of the archaeologists. Nonetheless, the occasional foray into the field threw a flood of light on the hitherto hidden historical, religious and artistic traditions of the state. The excavation conducted by the Archaeological Survey of India from 1997 to 2000 at Udayagiri was epoch-making. It unearthed a grand monastery with magnificent shrines and unique architectural features like a true arch which ancient Indian architecture refused to use.
The author who headed the excavation has written this book mainly for the edification of the general reader. His mastery of art-history aids him not only in bringing out the aesthetic tradition but also in tracing the varied artistic currents which the great Orissan artists assimilated and transformed.
LIST OF PLATES
CHAPTER I - BACKGROUND
Development of Buddhism in Orissa-early references-citing of remains-discoveries from Lalitagiri-dearth of literary and epigraphical references-Bhauma-kara rule-Ratnagiri and its religious significance-rise of Vajrayana and Kalacakrayana schools and philosophy-Ratnagiri as a great centre of Buddhist learning-decay of Buddhism in Orissa.
CHAPTER II - PREVIOUS REFERENCES
Location-early notices of sculptures and remains at Lalitagiri and Udayagiri by CS Banerji and J Beames-visit of RP Chanda-exploration of HC Chakladar-remarks of RD Banerji on Udayagiri and Ratnagiri about their antiquarian wealth.
CHAPTER III - ARCHAEOLOGICAL REMAINS AT LALITAGIRI, RATNAGIRI AND UDAYAGIRI
Excavation at Ratnagiri-chronological order of the Buddhist centres-Lalitagiri, Ratnagiri and Udayagiri-sculptural art at its best at Lalitagiri-findings from excavation at Lalitagiri-the stupa and relic-the apsidal temple and area around the monasteries-ceramic industry-Ratnagiri excavation-Buddhist complex from the 5th century ad-excavated remains at Ratnagiri-the Main stupa-the monasteries-unique sculptural art of Ratnagiri-the varieties of Vajrayana deities-aesthetic appraisal of Ratnagiri sculptures-bronzes-inscriptions-excavation at Udayagiri
1-The stupa and the sculptures-the monastery-excavation at Udayagiri
2-the monastery and its unique architecture-the shrine area and the Avalokitesvara image-the elegant sculptures-antiquities including seals and sealings-bronzes-rock-cut sculptures on a cliff.