State Formation Agrarian Growth and Social Change in Feudal South India

State Formation Agrarian Growth and Social Change in Feudal South India

Product ID: 15982

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Author: Ramendra Nath Nandi
Publisher: Manohar
Year: 2000
Language: English
Pages: 262
ISBN/UPC (if available): 817304290X


A feudal phase in early India’s social development is a historical reality. But the social, political or economic institutions which characterized a feudal system may not have surfaced in every part of the country. This necessitates a shift in emphasis from a simplistic pan-Indian model to intensive regional studies. For this purpose the present work refers to certain contiguous areas of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka which furnish quantifiable data on feudal development.

The study takes particular care to underline the dynamic of feudal growth, the compulsions underlying it and social mutations resulting from it. Accordingly, he book underline a preparatory phase (seventh-eighth centuries) marking the networking of fiefs and service tenements followed by an incubation time (ninth-tenth centuries) characterized by growing demands of surplus and he resulting extension of the arable, new drainage technique and increase in crop production.

The final breakthrough stage (eleventh-twelfth centuries) was signified by the reappearance of markets, minted money and urban centres. While the incubation process was helped by a collaborative ideology of obedience and protection, the final phase witnessed violent conflicts between the same classes of erstwhile collaborators following overlapping claims for social goods and empowerment in a market friendly economy.