Author: Isher Judge Ahluwalia
Translator(s)/ Editors(s): Joachim Von Braun/Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN/UPC (if available): 9780195695281
The economic impact of globalization, particularly on poverty, and the changes in agri-food markets have received much attention in recent years. However, the intersection of these two trends has been neglected. The present volume fills this gap by focusing on the way globalization of agri-food systems affects the world's poor and its impact on food and nutrition security in developing countries.
Rather than offering a single policy prescription or simplistic messages about globalization being 'good' or 'bad', the book acknowledges the complexity of the subject by including a variety of policy and research perspectives. The contributors analyze in details the links between poverty and globalization. They examine the different interactions between the forces influencing and driving globalization—politics and governance; markets, capital investment, and labor; information and innovation; and health, social policies, and conflicts—and elements of the food chain—production, marketing, and consumption. Complementing these analyses are six interspersed essays by leading policy analysts and economists that highlight primary issues in the ongoing debate on the impact of globalization.
The insights offered make this volume a valuable resource for researchers and decision makers in government, NGOs, and the private sector who wish to shape globalization and the agri-food system to produce pro-poor outcomes.
Work on this volume was initiated by a workshop and policy dialogue in honor of Per Pinstrup-Andersen in recognition of his outstanding service as the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) director general from 1992 to 2002. The chapters of this volume and the policy essays have been revised and updated thereafter, and some new chapters have been added. The globalization debate related to food and agriculture remains heated and controversial. IFPRI is continuously engaged in this debate with its research on markets and trade, on technology and environmental issues, and on consumption and nutrition issues and their implications for poverty.
To bring out controversial aspects of the debate, and to confront it with research-based findings, this volume explicitly combines in-depth chapters written by IFPRI staff and other researchers, and the broader research community with a set of policy essays by leading experts on globalization processes in which they share their concern, extensive experiences, and insights. The essays are marked as such in the table of contents to guide the reader. We hope that this volume furthers the debate for the benefit of rational decision-making on food and agriculture and the poor as related to globalization policy issues.
List of Tables
List of Figures
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Chapter 1 Globalization of Agriculture and Food: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Implications
Joachim von Braun and Eugenio Díaz-Bonilla
Chapter 2 Globalization, Poverty, and Food
Joachim von Braun
Essay 1 Making Globalization Work for the Poor: Technology and Trade
M. S. Swaminathan
Chapter 3 Implications of Globalization for Agricultural Research
Per Pinstrup-Andersen and Tewodaj Mengistu
Chapter 4 Globalization and Smallholders: A Review of Issues, Approaches, and Tentative Conclusions
Sudha Narayanan and Ashok Gulati
Chapter 5 Agricultural Trade, Globalization, and the Rural Poor
Essay 2 Agriculture and Market Power
Chapter 6 Th e Rise of Supermarkets in the Global Food System
Thomas Reardon and C. Peter Timmer
Chapter 7 Globalization of Agrifood Systems and the Nutrition Transition
Essay 3 Economic Policies in Developing Countries to Make Globalization Work for the Poor
Isher Judge Ahluwalia
Chapter 8 Globalization, Governance, and Agriculture
Essay 4 Changing Paradigms during Globalization
Chapter 9 Conflict, Food Insecurity, and Globalization
Ellen Messer and Marc J. Cohen
Essay 5 National Governments: The Key to Food Security under Globalization
Robert L. Paarlberg
Essay 6 Addressing Inherent Asymmetries of Globalization