The Marathas 1600-1818

The Marathas 1600-1818

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Author: Stewart Gordon
Publisher: Cambridge University press
Year: 2005
Language: English
Pages: 217
ISBN/UPC (if available): 81-7596-039-6

Description

In this volume in The New Cambridge History of India, Dr Stewart Gordon presents a new comprehensive history of one of the most colorful and least understood kingdoms of India: the Maratha polity. The kingdom was founded by Shivaji in the mid-seventeenth century and spread across much of India during the following century. It was subsequently conquered by the British in the nineteenth century, but none the less provided the basis for the formation of many princely states.

Since independence a huge mass of administrative documents of the Maratha polity and many important family papers have become available to scholars. Stewart Gordon draws on this material to explore the origin of the Marathas in the Muslim kingdoms of the Deccan, their emergence as elite families, patterns of loyalty, and strategies for maintaining legitimacy. He traces how the Marathas armies developed from bands of lightly armed cavalry to European-style infantry and artillery and assesses the economics that funded the polity, the profound effects it had upon revenue administration, law, education, trade patterns, migration, and the economic and social make-up of Central India, Gujarat and Maharashtra.

In this book, Stewart Gordon presents a picture of everyday life in the Maratha polity as well as important example of the dynamics of kingdoms during this period. The Maratha 1600-1818 will be widely read by students and specialists of India, military, and colonial history as well as by anthropologists.

Contents

LIST OF MAPS

GENERAL EDITOR’S PREFACE

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

GLOSSARY

INTRODUCTION-HISTRORIGOGRPAHY AND BIBLIOGRAPHY

The geopolitics of Maharashtra

Marathas and the Deccan sultanates

Shivaji (1630-80) and the Maratha polity

Family responses to invasion (1680-1719)

Baji Rao I’s northern expansion (1720-1740)

Conquest to administration (1740-1760)

Centripetal forces (1760-1803)

EPILOGUE (1803-1818)

CONCLUSIONS

INDEX