Author: Y J Padmarajiah
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass
ISBN/UPC (if available): 8120800362
The book is divided into two parts (bound in one Volume). Part I is related to the nature of reality. The author formulates five types of approach to the problem of Reality, and discovers flaws in the four: The only approach which he finds flawless is the Jaina view, namely of identity in difference in which identity is co-ordinate with difference.
The author proceeds to discuss how aspects of reality, viz. the relational structure and causal efficiency and shows that the two can exist and function only within the framework of a co-ordinate identity in difference, accepted by the Jaina thinkers. This is followed by a search for the meaning and content of the notion of substance and an attempt is made to distinguish between the concepts of intrinsic and extrinsic attributes.
Part 2 presents an analytical account of the methods of knowledge recognized by the Jaina thinkers under the characteristic doctrines of standpoints and the conditional predication by an investigation into the nature and the logical evolution of the theory of manifoldness (Anekantavada).
PART I: ONTOLOGY (THE NATURE OF REALITY)
A Preliminary Statement of an Important Vedantic and Buddhistic Objection against the Jaina view of Reality
A Study in Contrasts
The Schools of Philosophy in which Identity Subordinates Difference
The Schools of Philosophy in which Difference Subordinates Identity
The Jaina Philosophy of Identity-in-Difference in which Identity is Co-ordinate with Difference
The Externalistic Doctrine of Identity-in-Difference versus the Doctrine of a Unique and Integral Synthesis of Identity-in-Difference
Is Relation an Entity
A Consideration of Two controversies Concerning Dravya and Guna with a view to clarifying the Nature of Both
PART II: EPISTEMOLOGY
Anekantavada or the theory of manifoldness
Nayavada or the theory of Standpoints
Syadvada or the dialectic of conditional Predication