Author: Brij Mohan Sagar
Publisher: Guru Nanak Dev University
ISBN/UPC (if available): N/A
Songs of Sheikh Farid included in Guru Granth Sahib have been given the status of hymns within the Sikh tradition and hold considerable interest both for Hindus and Sikhs.
Khawaja Farid-ud-din Ganj-I-Shakar is the first Punjabi poet whose songs are available to us in a carefully recorded form. They relate to the culture and values , society and life of the twelfth and thirteenth century AD when the dynasty of Prithvi Raj Chauhan had just ended and the rule of Sultans had just begun and when a foreign culture interacted with the native culture and a new culture was produced as a consequence.
What could have been the reason that prompted Guru Nanak Dev to pick up the songs of Sheikh Farid and include them in his repertoire of songs and pass them on his successors? Was it because Sheikh Farid had expressed the finest tradition of Muslim mysticism? Was it because he had expressed a compromise or a synthesis of the best in Muslim and Hindu traditions of mysticism?