Cultural Unity of India

Cultural Unity of India

Product ID: 32556

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Author: Sabyasachi Bhattacharya
Sugata Bose/Several Contributors
Translator(s)/ Editors(s): Sabyasachi Bhattacharya
Publisher: Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture
Year: 2013
Language: English
Pages: 478
ISBN/UPC (if available): 9789381325209


In this multi-lingual, multi-religious and multi-racial land, people lived happily for centuries maintaining peaceful co-existence in the midst of diversity till the other day. The well-known Ideologist A.L. Basham observed, ‘India was a cheerful land, whose people, each finding a niche in a complex and slowly evolving social system, reached a higher level of kindliness and gentleness in their mutual relationships than any other nation of antiquity.

Diversity is but natural. Diversity appears in racial characteristics. Human languages. Man’s faiths-in brief, in respect of every aspect of cultural expression. Such differences apparently create problem in forming a homogeneous community.

India had long ago discovered that uniformity in diversity is not the answer; on the other hand unity-spiritual and cultural unity in the midst apparent diversity is the only remedy. The reason Indian psyche accepted all this diversity and yet remained undisturbed, because it tried to see a common thread running all along this variety. As Swami Vivekananda pointed out the solidarity of the entire existence was one of the greatest findings of Indian mind.

Indian spirituality and culture laid stress on this unity, as it has been reflected in popular belief the sense of diversity arises out of ignorance, then why should a wise man seek the differences?

With tremendous development in science and technology communications have linked our knowledge system but have our hearts come together? Leave alone the world, within our own country, have the communities grown apart or are they coming together for a better mutual understanding? What is the future of the culture of India which once upheld harmony? These are some of the questions that are being raised and we feel that in organizing this Seminar we are trying to answer these questions

Indian society is a ‘veritable ethnological museum!’ Its Population appears as ‘an ocean of humanity, composed of these race waves seething, boiling, struggling, constantly changing from, rising to the surface, and spreading, and swallowing little ones, again subsiding-this is the history of India. In spite of differences from one region to other in respect of ethnicity, religions, languages, history, music, dance, eating habits, architecture and customs, there pervades a strong sense of unity. Unlike several other countries where dominant human cultures tended to absorb or eliminate others, in India the tendency has been to nurture diversity. Some opine, the secrets of Indian solidarity and unity lie in its wonderful capacity to tolerate different views, different customs, and different levels of understanding.

Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.’ Thus culture is characterized by an invisible bond which ties the people of a community together. The nation of culture covers the sum total of distinctive characteristics, spiritual and material, intellectual and affective, that characterizes a society or a social group. It is learned pattern of behaviors and ways; it is not ingrained in persons connected. While cultures are complexes of learned behavior patterns and perceptions, societies are groups of interacting organisms.



Publisher’s Note
Introduction : Sabyasachi Bhattacharya


Welcome Address by Swami Sarvabhutananda
Inaugural Speech by Swami Prabhananda
Keynote Address by Sugata Bose
Cultural Unity of India : Past, Present and Future – Some Panoramic Musings by Godabarisha Mishra
About the Seminar by Ranjana Ray
Presidential Address by Sabyasachi Bhattacharya
Vote of Thanks by Saroj Ghose

Section 1 – Continuities from the Ancient Past
Section 2 – Anthropological Perspectives
Section 3 – Convergence of Ideas
Section 4 – Convergence of Traditions through History
Section 5 – Cultural Unity: Approaches in Modern Times
The Contributors