India After Independence

India After Independence

Product ID: 3121

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Author: Bipin Chandra
Mridula Mukherjee/Aditya Mukherjee
Publisher: Penguin/Viking
Year: 1999
Language: English
Pages: 549
ISBN/UPC (if available): 0670882690


Incisive, pithy and optimistic, this volume is a welcome introduction to contemporary India and reaffirms the strength of Indian democracy in the coming millennium.

The story of the forging of contemporary India, the world's largest democracy, is a rich and inspiring one. This volume, a sequel to the authors' best-selling India's Struggle for Independence, analyses the challenges India has faced and the successes it has achieved over the last five decades, in the light of its colonial legacy and century-long struggle for freedom. In doing so, it shows how unique the Indian experience is in the Third World - combining development with democracy and civil liberties.

With great insight and clarity the book describes how against great odds the Constitution was framed by seeking the widest possible consensus, as also how the Nehruvian political and economic agenda and basics of foreign policy were evolved and developed. Essential to the quest for consolidation of the nation was the integration of the princely states, the linguistic reorganization of the states, the integration of the tribals into the mainstream and the countering of regional imbalances.

Among the other contentious issues considered here, with all their implications for the present situation, are India's foreign policy, party politics in the Center and the states, the Punjab problem, the growth of communalism, and anti-caste politics and untouchability. There are detailed analysis of the Indian economy, including the reforms since 1991, the wide ranging land reforms and the Green Revolution.

These, along with the objective assessments of Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Jayaprakash Narayan, Lal Bhadur Shastri, Rajiv Gandhi, Vishwanath Pratap Singh and Atal Behari Vajpayee constitute a remarkable overview of a nation on the move.


Biipin Chandra was born in Kangra, Himachal Pradesh. He was educated at Forman Christian College, Lahore, and at Stanford University, California. He was Professor of Modern History at Jawaharlal Nehru (JNU), New Delhi, where he is currently Professor Emeritus. Prof Chandra is the author of several books on nationalism, colonialism, and communalism in modern India.

Mridula Mukherjee was educated at Lady Shri Ram College, New Delhi and at JNU. She is Professor of Modern Indian History at the Center for Historical Studies, JNU. Her areas of special interest are agrarian history, peasant movements and the national movement.

Aditya Mukherjee was educated at St. Stephen's College, Delhi, and at JNU. He is Professor of Contemporary Indian History at the Center for Historical Studies, JNU. His research interests are in modern business history and capitalist development, and contemporary economy and politics.




The Colonial Legacy

The National Movement and its Legacy

The Evolution of the Constitution and Main Provisions

The Architecture of the Constitution:
Basic Features and Institutions

The Initial Years

Consolidation of India As a Nation

Consolidation of India As a Nation:
The Linguistic Reorganization of the States

Consolidation of India As a Nation:
Integration of the Tribals

Consolidation of India As a Nation:
Regionalism and Regional Inequality

The years of hope and Achievement, 1951-64

Foreign Policy: The Nehru Era

Jawaharlal Nehru in Historical Perspective

Political Parties, 1947-64: The Congress

Political Parties, 1947-65: The Opposition

From Shastri to Indira Gandhi, 1964-69

The Indira Gandhi Years, 1969-73

The J P Movement and the Emergency:
Indian Democracy Tested

The Janata Interregnum and Indira Gandhi’s Second Coming, 1977-84

The Rajiv Years

The Run-up to the Millennium, 1989-99

Politics in the States (I):
Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Assam

Politics in the States (II):
West Bengal and Jammu and Kashmir

The Punjab Crisis

Indian Economy, 1947-1965: the Nehruvian Legacy

Indian Economy, 1965-1991

Economic Reforms Since 1991

Land Reforms: Zamindari Abolition and Tenancy Reforms

Land Reforms : Ceiling and the Bhoodan Movement

Land Reforms: Cooperatives and an Overview

Agriculture Growth and the Green Revolution

Agrarian Struggles Since Independence

Revival and Growth of Communalism

Caste, Untouchability, Anti-caste Politics and Strategies

Indian Women Since Independence

The Post-Colonial Indian State and
the Political Economy of Development : An Overview

Disarray in Institutions of Governance

On the Eve of the New Millennium Achievements, Problems and Prospects


Select Bibliography

A Note on Style