The Sikh Martyrs

The Sikh Martyrs

Product ID: 22313

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Author: Bhagat Lakshman Singh
Translator(s)/ Edito: Prithipal Singh Kapur
Publisher: Singh Brothers
Year: 2006
Language: English
Pages: 197
ISBN/UPC (if available): 8172053827


The word ‘martyr’ originally found in Semitic Terminology is essentially used for a person who voluntarily suffers death rather than denies his/her religion.

In ancient Judaism, martyrdom was a collective ideal. Roman Catholicism looks at the ordeal of martyrdom as a test of faith – it is asserted that martyrs need not perform miracles to be canonized as such. Islam has a typical concept of martyrdom wherein martyrs are thought to comprise of two groups of the faithful. Those killed in a religious war called Jehad and those killed unjustly are eligible to be called martyrs and get entitled to pardon for their sins.

In ancient Indian religious systems, we do not find a similar term. However in Buddhism, a bodhistav is regarded a martyr because he voluntarily postpones his enlightenment to alleviate the sufferings of others. In the Hindu texts the mention of the act of offering animal/human sacrifice can be considered closest to the concept of a martyr in the Semitic terminology.

All in all, martyrdom is essentially a faith-oriented concept wherein the idea of suffering for the religious belief is deeply embedded.


Editorial Introduction -
The Sikh Martyrology


Guru Arjan Dev

Guru Tegh Bahadur

Bhais Mati Das and
Dayal Chand

Princes Ajit Singh, Jujhar Singh and
Bhai Sant Singh

Princes Zorawar Singh and
Fateh Singh

The Forty Immortals

Guru Govind Singh

Banda Singh Bahadur

The Carrier of the Haidari Flag

Bhai Tara Singh

Bhai Mani Singh

Bhai Bota Singh

Sardars Mahtab Singh and
Sukha Singh

Haqiqat Rai the Virtuous

Bhai Taru Singh

Sardars Subeg Singh and
Shahbaz singh

The First Holocaust:
A Whole People Sacrificed

Turanian Atrocities

The Abdali Exhausts himself

Baba Dip Singh

Baba Gurbaksh Singh

A Peep into the History of Kasur

The Great Holocaust:
Harimandar Demolished

The Revenge

Baba Ram Singh Bedi

Death of Shahnchi:
The Afghans Depart

Aurangzeb and His Successor:
A Study

The Khalsa Emerges Triumphant

Guru Govind Singh’s Cosmopolitan Ideal