Proto-Historic Pottery of Indus Valley Civilisation

Proto-Historic Pottery of Indus Valley Civilisation

Product ID: 17785

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Author: Sudha Satyawadi
Publisher: D K Printworld
Year: 1994
Language: English
Pages: 324
ISBN/UPC (if available): 8124600309

Description

In the 1920s was found one of the world’s oldest, most mysterious civilizations: the Indus Valley. Which, in view of the relatively more recent archaeological evidence, could possibly have evolved from a much older, indigenous culture: of about nine millennia ago — some 6000 years before the growth of Mesopotamian urbanism or about 2000 years before the Egyptian’s. Among a variety of excavated material remains, pottery affords a significant clue that influences archaeologists’ conclusions.

Despite many a scholar’s avowed fascination for the pottery of the Indian subcontinent — since John Marshall’s days, Dr. Satyawadi’s book becomes the first-ever, exclusive study of its art motifs: from the earliest times to 1750 bc Marshalling a whole diversity of painted-pottery motifs: from potsherds, from excavatory reports, and from as many as twenty archaeological museums of India, it explores the genesis of popular themes/forms and how they developed from their most primitive character to mature Harappan period — with sharp focus on their creative purpose, stylistic/formal variants and their spatial-temporal parameters. Also surveying extensively the painted pottery of Indus Valley: of both pre- and post-Harappan cultures, the author painstakingly classifies art motifs into their different genres: religious, ritualistic, decorative, superstitious, and personal. And into their different forms too, like geometrical, floral, faunal, other.

In her effort to probe the beginnings of pre-Harappan pottery motifs, the artist in Dr. Satyawadi visualizes their continuity not only in mature Harappan cultures, but even in contemporary folk and tribal art of India: almost in their pristine, primitive form — keeping alive, from generation to generation, an insistent, inherently powerful tradition, despite the ravages of time. The author also tries to trace the linkages between the painted motifs (on pottery) of Indus Valley and other old-world cultures, notably, Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Afghan, Iranian, and Baluchi.

With one hundred thirty six photographic reproductions, this study is supplemented by over 650 line-drawings which, (all beautifully copied by the author herself straight from museum exhibits), try to capture the panorama of protohistoric art motifs in their essential variety and pristine splendour.

Contents

FOREWORD

PREFACE

ABBREVIATIONS

LIST OF COLOUR ILLUSTRATIONS

MAP SHOWING SITES MENTIONED IN THE TEXT

MAP SHOWING DISTRIBUTION OF INDUS VALLEY SITES

INTRODUCTION

1. Scope, Framework and Methodology
Geographical Regions
North Baluchi Cultures
South Baluchi Cultures
Indus Valley Cultures
Geographical Features
Climate
Flora
Fauna
Time Span
Material
Shape of Potteries
Drinking Vessel
Vase
Storage Jar
Offering Stand
Dish
Dish-on-Stand
Bowl
Handi
Cup and Cup-on-Stand
Feeder
Basin
Casket
Ring Stand
Lid
Lamp
Ground Colour
Design
2. History, Purpose and Classification
Symbols
Motifs
History of Motifs
Purpose of Motifs
Decorative
Religious
Ritualistic
Superstition
Personal
Kinds of Motifs
Geometrical
Floral
Faunal
Others
3. Empirical Investigation and Description
Geometrical Motifs
Cross Pattern
Checkerboard Pattern
Triangle Type
Swastika Style
Meandering Lines Type
Axe Type Design
Loop Type
Fish Scale Pattern
Simple Fish Scale Motif
Fish Scale with Additional Designs
Circle Design
Spiral Pattern
Bead Type
Floral Motifs
Palm Shape
Banana Design
Neem Type
Acacia Design
Unidentified Plant Design
Peepal Type
Single Leaf Pattarn
Rosette Design
Lotus Flower Type
Peepal Rosette Style
Sun Flower Design
Geometric Flower Design
Bean Type
Faunal Motifs
Animal Designs
Bird Pattern
Fish Design
Horn and Bull Head Type
Other Significant Motifs
Sun Pattern
Star Shape
Comb Type
4. Conclusion
In-depth Study Of Selected Motifs
Checker Board Pattern
Horn Type
Comb Type
Sun and Rosette Pattern
Plant Type
Intersecting Circle Design
Fish Design
Bird Pattern
Animal Design
Fish Scale Design
Comparison of Motifs on Territorial Basis
Mesopotamia and Indus Valley
Iran and Indus Valley
Baluchistan and Indus Valley
Spatial and Temporal Development of Motifs - Charts
Checker Board Motifs
Horn & Bull Head Motifs
omb Motifs
Sun and Rosette Motifs
Plant (Peepal/Leaf) Motifs
Intersecting Circle Motifs
Fish Motifs
Bird Motifs
Animal Motifs
Fish Scale Motifs
Indus Culture - Style Shown in Ancient Scriptures
Resume
Appendix I : Sources of Figures
Appendix II : Excavations and Researches
Researches
Appendix III : Excavated Sites (Period Sites)
Appendix IV : Introduction to Sites
Appendix V : Radio-Carbon Dating

COLOUR PLATES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX