Munshi Premchand (July 31, 1880-Octber 8, 1936) brought realism to Hindi literature. Premchand wrote on the realistic issues of the day-communalism, corruption, zamindari, debt, poverty, colonialism etc. he avoided the use of highly Sanskritized Hindi and instead used the dialect of the common people.
Premchand popularly known as Munshi Premchand was one of the greatest literary figures of modern Hindi literature. Histories vividly portrayed the social scenario of those times.
Before Premchand, Hindi literature consisted mainly of fantasy or religious works. Premchand brought realism to Hindi literature. He wrote over 300 stories, a dozen novels and two plays.
Premchand’s writings have been translated not only into all Indian languages, but also English, Russian, Chinese, and many other foreign languages.